Lanterns: This Day in History - November 12

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This Day in History - November 12

November 12

1035 – King Cnut of Norway dies

1276 – English King Edward I, resolves to invade Wales after growing suspicious of the intentions of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, the Prince of Wales

1757 – English poet, Colley Cibber dies

1775 – Upon hearing of England’s rejection of the so-called Olive Branch Petition, Abigail Adams writes to her husband, “Let us separate, they are unworthy to be our Brethren. Let us renounce them and instead of supplications as formerly for their prosperity and happiness, Let us beseech the Almighty to blast their councils and bring to Nought all their devices”

1799 – Andrew Ellicott Douglass, an early American astronomer born in Vermont, witnesses the Leonids meteor shower from a ship off the Florida Keys, marking the first meteor shower on record

1815 – Political reformer and founder of Women’s Rights Convention, Elizabeth Cady Stanton is born

1817 – Founder of the Baha’I faith, Mirza Hoseyn ‘Ali Nuri is born

1840 – French sculptor, Auguste Rodin is born

1859 – Jules Leotard performs the first flying trapeze act at the Circus Napoleon

1863 – Confederate General James Longstreet arrives at Loudon, Tennessee, to assist the attack on Union General Ambrose Burnside’s troops at Knoxville

1864 – Union General William T. Sherman orders the business district of Atlanta, Georgia destroyed

1866 – Chinese revolutionary that founded the Nationalist Party, Sun Yat-Sen is born

1867 – A conference begins at Fort Laramie to discuss alternative solutions to the “Indian problem” and to initiate peace negotiations with the Sioux

1867 – Mount Vesuvius erupts

1889 – Founder of Reader’s Digest, DeWitt Wallace is born

1892 – William “Pudge” Heffelfinger becomes the first professional football player when Pittsburgh’s Allegheny Athletic Association pays him $500 to play as a ringer in a game against its rival Pittsburgh Athletic Club

1903 – The Lebaudy brothers of France set an air-travel distance record of 34 miles in a dirigible

1911 – Jazz trumpeter, Buck Clayton is born

1922 – Mystery writer Charlotte MacLeod is born

1923 – Adolf Hitler is arrested for his attempted German coup

1927 – The League of Nations admits Canada

1928 – The ocean liner Vestris sinks off the Virginia cape with 328 aboard, killing 111

1929 – American actress and Princess of Monaco, Grace Kelly is born

1934 – American cult leader and murderer, Charles Manson is born

1938 – Mexico agrees to compensate the US for land seizures

1939 – Canadian physician, Norman Bethune dies

1941 – Madame Lillian Evanti and Mary Cardwell Dawson establish the National Negro Opera Company

1944 – U.S. fighters destroy a Japanese convoy near Leyte, consisting of six destroyers, four transports, and 8,000 troops

1944 – The German battleship Tirpitz is sunk in a Norwegian fjord

1945 – Writer Tracy Kidder is born

1945 – Singer, songwriter, and musician, Neil Young is born

1948 – Hikedi Tojo, Japanese prime minister, and seven others are sentenced to hang by an international tribunal

1951 – The U.S. Eighth Army in Korea is ordered to cease offensive operations and begin an active defense

1952 – Business magnate that founded Yucaipa Companies and co-owner of the Pittsburgh Penguins hockey team, Ronald Burkle is born

1954 – Ellis Island, the gateway to America, shuts it doors after processing more than 12 million immigrants since opening in 1892

1957 – Engineer and storm chaser who was killed by a tornado near El Reno, Oklahoma, Tim Samaras is born

1960 – Discoverer XVII is launched into orbit from California’s Vandenberg AFB

1961 – Olympic gold medal-winning Romanian gymnast, Nadia Comaneci is born

1962 – Activist and author, Naomi Wolf is born

1968 – Pro baseball player from the Dominican Republic, Sammy Sosa is born

1968 – The U.S. Supreme Court voids an Arkansas law banning the teaching of evolution in public schools

1969 – Seymour Hersh, an independent investigative journalist, becomes the first to reveal the extent of the U.S. Army’s charges against 1st Lt. William L. Calley at My Lai. Hersh wrote: “The Army says he deliberately murdered at least 109 Vietnamese civilians during a search-and-destroy mission in March 1968, in a Viet Cong stronghold known as ‘Pinkville.’” The My Lai Massacre, as it is known, where between 200 and 500 South Vietnamese civilians were murdered by U.S. soldiers during a sweep of the cluster of hamlets known as My Lai 4

1969 – 1st President of Pakistan, Iskander Mirza, dies

1971 – President Richard Nixon announces the withdrawal of about 45,000 U.S. troops from Vietnam

1979 – President Jimmy Carter responds to a potential threat to national security by stopping the importation of petroleum from Iran

1980 – U.S. planetary probe Voyager 1 edges within 77,000 miles of Saturn, sending home photographs that stunned scientists and changed much of what was previously known about Saturn

1980 – Canadian actor and singer, Ryan Gosling is born

1981 – Actor William Holden dies

1982 – Following the death of long-time Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Andropov is selected as the new general secretary of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union

1987 – Boris Yeltsin is fired as head of Moscow’s Communist Party for criticizing the slow pace of reform

1990 – Crown Prince Akihito is formally installed as Emperor Akihito of Japan

1990 – Sir Timothy John “Tim” Berners-Lee, a British computer scientist, publishes a formal proposal for the creation of the World Wide Web

1996 – A Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747 collides with a Kazakh Ilyushin II-76 cargo plane near New Delhi, killing 349, in the deadliest mid-air collision to date

1996 – Amy Grossberg and Brian Peterson deliver a baby in a motel in Delaware. Peterson places it in a trash bag and tosses it into the dumpster. The college students tell authorities that the baby was stillborn, but autopsy reports show that it died of massive head trauma. Both plead guilty to manslaughter. Peterson, the first to cooperate, receives a two-year sentences and Grossberg receives two and a half

1997 – Ramzi Yousef convicted of masterminding the 1993 World Trade Center bombing

2001 – An American Airlines flight out of John F. Kennedy (JFK) Airport in New York City crashes into a Queens neighborhood after takeoff, killing 265 people

2003 – The first Italians to die in the Iraq War are among 23 fatalities from a suicide bomb attack on an Italian police base in Nasiriyah, Iraq

2003 – Shanghai Transrapid sets a new world speed record (311 mph or 501 kph) for commercial railway systems

2004 – Scott Peterson is convicted of first-degree murder for the death of his wife Laci and their unborn son. He was sentenced to death

2010 – Polish composer, Henryk Gorecki dies

 

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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