Lanterns: This Day in History - November 13

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This Day in History - November 13

November 13

354 – Christian theologian and philosopher, Saint Augustine is born

1093 – Malcolm III of Scotland dies

1312 – Edward III, King of England, is born

1474 – In the Swiss-Burgundian Wars, Swiss infantry shatters the army of Charles the Bold at Hericourt near Belfort, countering his march to Lorraine

1775 – Continental Army Brigadier General Richard Montgomery takes Montreal, Canada, without opposition

1789 – George Washington, inaugurated as the first president of the United States in April, returns to Washington at the end of his first presidential tour

1835 – Texas officially proclaims its independence from Mexico, calling itself the Lone Star Republic

1850 – Scottish novelist and poet, Robert Louis Stevenson is born

1851 – The London-to-Paris telegraph begins operation

1856 – The first Jew to sit on the US Supreme Court, Louis Brandeis is born

1860 – South Carolina’s legislature calls for a special convention to discuss secession from the Union

1861 – President Abraham Lincoln pays a late night visit to General George McClellan, who Lincoln had recently named general in chief of the Union army. The general retired to his chambers before speaking with the president, in a move that summed up his reputation for disliking and disregarding President Lincoln’s authority

1862 – A diary entry takes place by Lewis Carroll, “Began writing the fairy-tale of Alice-I hope to finish by Christmas”

1868 – Italian composer, Gioachino Rossini dies

1878 – Lew Wallace, governor of New Mexico, offers amnesty to participants of the Lincoln County War, but not to gunfighter Billy the Kid

1897 – The first metal dirigible is flown from Tempelhof Field in Berlin

1903 – French painter Camille Pissarro dies

1907 – Paul Corno achieves the first helicopter flight

1909 – Romanian-born dramatist, Eugene Ionesco is born

1909 – The Ballinger-Pinchot scandal erupts when Colliers magazine accuses Secretary of the Interior Richard Ballinger of underhanded dealings in Alaskan coal lands

1911 – First black coach in Major League Baseball, John Jordan “Buck” O’Neill is born

1914 – The brassiere, invented by Caresse Crosby, is patented

1916 – British statesman Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice, better known as the fifth Marquess of Lansdowne, writes a memo to the British cabinet questioning the direction of the Allied effort in World War I

1924 – Japanese biologist who introduced the neutral theory of molecular evolution, Motoo Kimura is born

1927 – New York’s Holland Tunnel officially opens for traffic

1934 – Actor, director, and producer, Garry Marshall is born

1940 – Political scientist and Pulitzer Prize-winning author William Taubman is born

1940 – U.S. Supreme Court rules in Hansberry v. Lee that African Americans cannot be barred from white neighborhoods

1941 – A German U-boat, the U-81 torpedoes Great Britain’s premier aircraft carrier, the HMS Ark Royal, which sinks the following day

1941 – Congress amends the Neutrality Act of 1935 to allow American merchant ships access to war zones

1942 – Lieutenant General Dwight Eisenhower flies to Algeria to conclude an agreement with French Admiral Jean Darlan

1945 – Charles de Gaulle is elected as president of France

1945 – President Harry Truman announces the establishment of a panel of inquiry to look into the settlement of Jews in Palestine

1947 – Actor, producer, and director, Joe Mantegna is born

1952 – Harvard’s Paul Zoll becomes the first man to use electric shock to treat cardiac arrest

1953 – During the “Red Scare,” Mrs. Thomas J. White of the Indiana Textbook Commission, calls for the removal of references to the book Robin Hood from textbooks used by the state’s schools, claiming that there was “a Communist directive in education now to stress the story of Robin Hood because he robbed the rich and gave it to the poor. That’s the Communist line. It’s just a smearing of law and order and anything that disrupts law and order is their meat”

1955 – Comedian and actress, Whoopi Goldberg is born

1955 – FBI agents search the home of John Graham, a chief suspect in the United Airlines plane explosion that killed all 44 people on board on November 1, finding bomb-making materials

1956 – The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously strikes down two Alabama laws requiring racial segregation on public buses

1963 – English anthropologist, Margaret Murray dies

1969 – Anti-war protesters stage a symbolic “March Against Death” in Washington, DC

1969 – Dutch politician and author Ayaan Hirsi Ali is born

1970 – The Ganges Delta region of East Pakistan is hit by a tropical cyclone, causing an estimated half-million deaths in a single night. The Bhola cyclone is considered to be the worst natural disaster of the 20th century by many

1974 – Karen Silkwood, a technician at a plutonium plant operated by the Kerr-McGee Corp, who had been critical of the plant’s health and safety procedures, was killed in a mysterious car crash in Crescent, Oklahoma, on her way to a meeting with a union rep. and a reporter from the New York Times

1982 – The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C.

1985 – The Nevado del Ruiz erupts, melting a glacier and causing a massive mudslide that buries Armero, Colombia and kills some 23,000 people

1989 – Compact of Free Association or places that US soldiers took from Japanese control during World War II: the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Republic of Palau, become sovereign nations but associated with the US

1989 – Hans-Adams II becomes Prince of Liechtenstein

2000 – Articles of impeachment are passed against Philippine President Joseph Estrada

2001 – US President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against foreigners suspected of terrorism against the US

2005 – American wrestler, Eddie Guerrero dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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