Lanterns: This Day in History - October 10

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This Day in History - October 10

October 10

19 – The most popular of Roman princes, Germanicus, dies of poisoning and on his deathbed, accuses the governor of Syria, Piso, of poisoning him

732 – Charles Martel kills Abd el-Rahman at the Battle of Tours, to halt the invasion of Muslims into Europe

1731 – English physicist who measured the density and mass of the Earth, Henry Cavendish is born

1733 – France declares war on Austria over the question of Polish succession

1775 – General William Howe is named the interim commander in chief of the British army in America during the American Revolution

1780 – A massive storm, known as the Great Hurricane of 1780, slams into the West Indies killing more than 20,000 people. It is the deadliest storm ever recorded

1789 – Joseph Guillotin announces that the most humane way of executing someone is decapitation by a single blow of a blade, in Versailles, France

1794 – Russian General Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov destroys the rebel Polish army at Maciejowice, Poland

1813 – Composer Giuseppe Verdi is born

1845 – The US Naval Academy in Annapolis, MD is founded

1861 – Norwegian Nobel Prize-winning playwright, screenwriter, director and actor Fridtjof Nansen is born

1862 – Confederate General John Bankhead Magruder takes over the Trans-Mississippi Department during the Civil War

1863 – The first telegraph line to Denver is completed

1875 – Russian author, poet, and playwright, Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, dies

1877 – Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer is buried at West Point in New York

1881 – Charles Darwin publishes The Formation of Vegetable Mould Through the Action of Worms

1886 – The tuxedo dinner jacket makes its debut at a ball in Tuxedo Park, New York

1900 – Actress, Helen Hayes, is born

1901 – Sculptor and painter, Alberto Giacometti, is born

1911 – A revolution in China begins with a bomb explosion and the discovery of revolutionary headquarters in Hankow. The movement spreads quickly through the west and southern China, forcing the abdication of the last Ch’ing emperor, six-year-old Henry Pu-Yi. By October 26, the Chinese Republic will be proclaimed and on December 4, Premier Yuan Shih-K’ai will sign a truce with rebel general Li Yuan-hung

1911 – The Panama Canal opens

1916 – Italian forces during World War I initiate the Eight Battle of the Isonzo, continuing an assault on Austrian troops near the Isonzo River

1920 – Jazz pianist and composer, Thelonius Monk, is born

1924 – Novelist, James Clavell, is born

1930 – British playwright, Harold Pinter, is born

1933 – At Rio de Janeiro, nations of the Western Hemisphere sign a non-aggression and conciliation treaty. President Roosevelt adopts a “good neighbor” policy toward Latin America and announces a policy of nonintervention in Latin American affairs at the December 7thInternational American Conference at Montevideo, Uruguay

1935 – George Gershwin’s Porgy and Bess, the first great American opera, premieres on Broadway

1940 – British politician and grandson of famed Prince Minister Sir Winston Churchill, Winston Spencer-Churchill is born

1941 – Soviet troops halt the German advance on Moscow

1943 – Chiang Kai-shek took the oath of office as president of China

1944 – 800 Gypsy children are systematically murdered in the gas chambers at Auschwitz by Nazi Germany during World War II

1946 – Singer and songwriter, John Prine, is born

1946 – Actor, Ben Vereen, is born

1949 – Chinese rights advocate and prisoner for 13 years in detention centers and psychiatric institutions, and the only person thus far to be released for these institutions and allowed to live in a Western country, Wang Wanxing, is born

1951 – President Harry Truman signs the Mutual Security Act

1953 – The Mutual Defense Treaty between the US and South Korea is signed

1954 – Singer/ songwriter, David Lee Roth, is born

1957 – The Milwaukee Braves defeat the New York Yankees to win their first World Series since 1914

1957 – President Eisenhower offers his apologies to Ghanian Finance Minister, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, who had been denied service at a restaurant in Dover, Delaware

1958 – Singer, Tanya Tucker, is born

1963 – Journalist captured and beheaded by Al Qaeda in Pakistan, Daniel Pearl is born

1965 – The US 1st Cavalry commences operations by striking 2,000 North Vietnamese troops near An Khe in the Central Highlands during the Vietnam War

1966 – Operation Robin is launched in the Hoa Province south of Saigon in South Vietnam, to provide road security between villages during the Vietnam War

1969 – Pro football player, Brett Favre, is born

1969 – The U.S. Navy transfers 80 river-patrol boats to the South Vietnamese Navy in the largest single transfer of naval equipment since the war began

1970 – Fiji gains its independence from Britain

1970 – Pierre Laporte, the Quebec Provincial Minister of Labour, is kidnapped by terrorists during what is known as the October Crisis

1971 – The London Bridge, that had been built in 1831 and dismantled in 1967, reopens in Lake Havasu City, Arizona, after being sold to Robert P. McCulloch and moved to the US

1973 – Amid accusations of income tax invasion, Spiro Agnew resigns the vice presidency. President Nixon names Gerald Ford as the new VP and Agnew is later convicted and sentenced to three years probation and fined $10,000

1974 – Stock car racing driver and team owner, Dale Earnhardt Jr., is born

1979 – American actress, singer, songwriter, producer, and dancer, Mya, is born

1985 – Actor and director, Orson Welles, died

1985 – An Egyptian plane carrying hijackers of the Achille Lauro cruise ship is intercepted by US Navy F-14s and forced to land at a NATO base in Sicily

1987 – Whitesnake’s iconic video “Here I Go Again,” featuring two Jaguar cars and a scantily clad Tawny Kitaen premiers

1991 – US postal worker Joseph Harris shoots two former co-workers at the post office in Ridgewood, New Jersey. The previous evening, Harris had killed his former supervisor Carol Ott with a three-foot samurai sword and shot her fiancé, Cornelius Kasten in their home. He was sentenced to death for the crimes and died of natural causes while waiting on his appeal

2001- California representative Nancy Pelosi becomes minority whip

2002 – The US Congress gives President Bush authorization to use military force in Iraq

2004 – Christopher Reeve, actor famous for his role in the Superman movies, dies

2008 – Members of the Taliban drive an explosive-laden truck into a meeting of 600 people who were gathered to discuss eradicating the Taliban. The bomb kills 110 and is known as the Orakzai bombing

2009 – Irish singer, songwriter, dancer, and actor, Stephen Gately, dies

2010 – American singer/ songwriter, Solomon Burke, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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