Lanterns: This Day in History - October 11

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This Day in History - October 11

October 11

1531 – The Catholics defeat the Protestants at Kappel during Switzerland’s second civil war

1531 – Swiss pastor and theologian, Huldrych Zwingli, dies

1540 – Charles V of Milan gives his son, Philip, complete control

1727 – George II of England is crowned

1739 – Russian military leader and politician, Grigory Potemkin, is born

1776 – A British fleet under Sir Guy Carleton defeats 15 American gunboats under the command of Brigadier General Benedict Arnold at the Battle of Valcour Island on Lake Champlain during the Revolutionary War

1779 – Polish patriot and American Revolutionary War commander Casimir Pulaski was killed in the Battle of Savannah

1793 – The death toll from yellow fever epidemic in Philadelphia hits 100

1795 – France’s National Convention appoints Napoleon Bonaparte second in command of the Army of the Interior as a result of his stopping a rebellion in the streets of Paris

1809 – Famous explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances after stopping at Grinder’s Tavern along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee

1820 – Founder of the YMCA, Sir George Williams, is born

1844 – Manufacturer and founder of H.J. Heinz Co., Henry Heinz, is born

1862 – The Confederate Congress in Richmond passes a Civil War draft law allowing anyone owning 20 or more slaves to be exempt from military service. This law confirms the doubts of many southerners who feel they are in a ‘rich man’s war and a poor man’s fight’

1862 – Confederate cavalry leader General J.E.B. Stuart raids Chambersburg, Pennsylvania in the aftermath of the bloody Battle of Antietam in Maryland during the Civil War

1877 – Outlaw Wild Bill Longley, who had murdered at least a dozen men, is hanged. The first attempt was botched when the rope slipped and his knees drug the ground

1884 – Eleanor Roosevelt is born

1885 – Nobel Prize-winning novelist, Francois Mauriac, is born

1887 – Billiards champion, Willie Hoppe, is born

1896 – Austrian composer, Anton Bruckner, dies

1899 – Settlers from the Netherlands known as South African Boers, declare war on Great Britain

1906 – San Francisco school board orders the segregation of Oriental children, inciting Japanese outrage

1910 – American journalist, Joseph Alsop, is born

1915 – Prime Minister Vasil Radoslavov of Bulgaria issues a statement announcing their entrance into World War I on the side of the Central Powers

1915 – English nurse, Edith Cavell, is executed by the Germans during World War I

1918 – Oscar-winning choreographer, Jerome Robbins, is born

1923 – Three men blow up a mail car of a Southern Pacific train carrying passengers, and shoot several others in a botched robbery attempt

1925 – Author and screenwriter, Elmore Leonard, is born

1928 – First black to attain 4-star general status in the US Army, Roscoe Robinson Jr. is born

1932 – Grammy-winning country singer, Dottie West, is born

1936 – Pulitzer Prize-winning historian, James M. McPherson, is born

1937 – English soccer player, Bobby Charlton, is born

1939 – A letter from Albert Einstein was delivered to President Roosevelt concerning the possibility of atomic weapons

1942 – Indian actor, Amitabh Bachchan, is born

1942 – Near the Solomon Islands, in the Battle of Cape Esperance, US cruisers and destroyers defeat a Japanese task force in a night surface encounter during World War II

1945 – Nationalist and Communist troops will be engaged in a civil war as negotiations between Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek and Communist leader Mao Tse-tung break down

1946 – Singer, songwriter, musician, and producer, Daryl Hall, is born

1950 – The Federal Communications Commission authorizes the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) to begin commercial color TV broadcasts

1954 – The Viet Minh formally take over Hanoi and control of North Vietnam during the Vietnam War

1957 – Paleontologist, Paul Sereno, is born

1961 – President John F. Kennedy is asked by his advisers to accept “as our real and ultimate objective the defeat of the Vietcong” at a meeting of the National Security Council concerning the Vietnam War

1962 – Pope John XXIII opens the 21st Ecumenical Council (Vatican II) with a call for Christian unity. This is the largest gathering of the Roman Catholic hierarchy in history; among delegate-observers are representatives of major Protestant denominations, in itself a sign of sweeping change

1963 – French actress, singer, and songwriter, Edith Piaf, dies

1968 – Apollo 7 is launched from Cape Kennedy

1972 – A French mission in Vietnam is destroyed by a US bombing raid

1972 – Race riot breaks out aboard carrier USS Kitty Hawk off Vietnam during Operation Linebacker

1975 – William Jefferson Clinton marries Hillary Rodham in Little Rock, Arkansas

1975 – Saturday Night Live premiers on NBC, with guest host comedian George Carlin and special guests Janis Ian, Andy Kaufman and Billy Preston

1976 – Chairman Mao Tse-tung’s widow and three associates, making what is known as the “gang of four,” set in motion an extended period of turmoil in the Chinese Communist Party

1984 – Astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan, aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger, becomes the first American woman to walk in space

1986 – President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Reykjavik, Iceland to continue discussions about curbing their intermediate missile arsenals, although talks fall through when Gorbachev wants to add Reagan’s pet project, “Star Wars,” Strategic Defense Initiative, or space-shield, to the agreements

1987 – Operation Pawan by Indian Peace Keeping Force begins in Sri Lanka; thousands of Tamil citizens, along with hundreds of Tamil Tigers militants and Indian Army soldiers will die in operation

1989 – American golfer, Michelle Wie, is born

1991 – Confirmation hearings for Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas begin

2000 – NASA launches its 100th Space Shuttle mission

2001 – The Polaroid Corporation files for bankruptcy

2002 – Former president Jimmy Carter wins the Nobel Peace Prize “for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development”

2003 – A bench-clearing brawl between the Boston Red Sox and the New York Yankees interrupts the third game of the American League playoffs in Boston. During the fight, 73-year-old Yankee bench coach Don Zimmer charged out of the dugout and tried to tackle Red Sox pitcher Pedro Martinez, but Martinez dodged the older man’s blows and threw him to the ground

2004 – Australian cricket player and pilot, Keith Miller, dies

2008 – Governor of Carinthia and Austrian politician, Jorg Haider, dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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