Lanterns: This Day in History - January 19

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This Day in History - January 19

January 19

379 – Theodosius becomes co-emperor of the East Roman Empire

1523 – Ulrich Zwingli publishes 67 Articles, the first manifesto of the Zurich Reformation, attacking the authority of the Pope

1736 – Scottish inventor, James Watt is born

1764 – John Wilkes is expelled from British Parliament for reputedly libelous and pornographic writings

1783 – William Pitt becomes the youngest Prime Minister of England at age 24

1807 – Civil War Confederate General Robert E. Lee is born

1809 – American author and poet, Edgar Allen Poe is born

1812 – Arthur Wellesley, First Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo, after a ten-day siege during the Peninsular War

1829 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s “Faust” (Part 1) is premiered and considered to be one of the greatest works of German literature

1839 – French post-Impressionist painter, Paul Cezanne is born

1840 – Captain Charles Wilkes claims a portion of eastern Antarctica for the US, but the Antarctic Treaty in 1959 made the continent an international zone

1847 – New Mexico Governor Charles Bent is killed by Pueblo Indians in Taos

1861 – Georgia secedes from the Union

1862 – Union General George Thomas defeats Confederates commanded by George Crittenden at the Battle of Logan’s Cross Roads in southern Kentucky

1865 – French politician, philosopher, and economist Pierre-Joseph Proudhon dies

1874 – German poet August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben dies

1883 – Heavy fog in the North Sea causes the collision of the Cimbria and the Sultan, two steamships. 357 were killed due to hypothermia and drowning

1883 – The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey

1902 – The magazine “L” Auto” announces the new Tour de France

1915 – Great Britain suffers minor casualties from the first German air raids

1915 – George Claude of Paris, France patents the electric neon sign in the US

1919 – Editor and publisher, John H. Johnson is born

1921 – Crime novelist, Patricia Highsmith is born

1923 – The French announce the invention of a new gun that has a firing range of 56 miles

1931 – The Wickersham Committee issues a report asking for revisions in the dry law, but no repeal

1937 – Howard Hughes flies from Los Angeles to New York in seven hours and 22 minutes

1937 – In the Soviet Union, the People’s Commissars Council is formed under Molotov

1941 – British forces attack the Italians in Italian-occupied Eritrea, Africa

1943 – American singer and songwriter, Janis Joplin is born

1945 – The Red Army captures Lodz, Krakow, nd Tarnow

1946 – American singer, songwriter, and actress, Dolly Parton is born

1947 – The French drive on Hue, Indochina

1949 – The Chiang Government moves the capital of China to Canton

1950 – Chinese leader Mao recognizes the Republic of Vietnam

1953 – Lucy Ricardo gave birth to baby Ricky on I Love Lucy, drawing a larger viewing audience than the inauguration of President Eisenhower

1955 – President Eisenhower allows the first filming of a news conference for television

1961 – President Dwight Eisenhower warns incoming President John F. Kennedy that Laos is “the key to the entire are of Southeast Asia”

1966 – Indira Gandhi becomes Prime Minister of India

1968 – Cambodia claims the US and South Vietnam crossed the border and killed three Cambodians

1968 – “Sky Soldiers” from the 173rd Airborne Brigade begin Operation McLain to find an destroy communist base camps in the Central Highlands area

1974 – The University of Notre Dame men’s basketball team defeats the University of California, ending UCLA’s 88-game winning streak

1977 – President Gerald Ford pardons Tokyo Rose aka Iva Toguri, a Japanese woman who broadcast propaganda over the radio to Allied troops during World War II to bring down their morale

1977 – The world’s largest crowd gathering takes place at the Hindu Kumbh Mela in India-then record of 15 million people

1981 – The US and Iran sign an accord to release 52 American hostages in Algiers

1983 – The New Catholic code expands women’s rights in the Church

1983 – Klaus Barbie, the Nazi Gestapo chief of Lyons, France during the German occupation is arrested in Bolivia for crimes against humanity. Barbie sent thousands of French Jews and French Resistance members to their deaths in concentration camps, as well as torturing and executing many others. He was sentenced to life in prison in 1987

1990 – Indian mystic, guru, and educator, Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh dies

1993 – Production begins on Toy Story, the first full-length feature film created by Pixar Animation Studios

1993 – The band Fleetwood Mac reunites to perform at US President Bill Clinton’s first inaugural gala

1997 – Yasser Arafat returns to Hebron for the first time in 30 years as Israel hands over control of the West Bank region to the Palestinians

1999 – Gary Dellapenta is charged with using the internet to solicit the rape of a woman who had rejected his sexual advances. Dellapenta placed ads in her name claiming she had rape fantasies, leading to a minimum of six men showing up at her home in the middle of the night saying they were there to rape her. Dellapenta was caught when the woman’s father pretended to respond to the ads and was able to trace their origin. Dellapenta received a six-year prison sentence due to California having just passed a law against cyberstalking

2001 – President Clinton admitted he made false statements under oath concerning his sexual involvement with White House intern Monica Lewinsky

2007 – The first McDonald’s drive-through restaurant is opened in Beijing, China

2007 – Turkish journalist Hrant Dink is assassinated by a 17-year old Turkish nationalist

2013 – Calcium deposits are discovered on Mars by NASA’s Curiosity Rover

2015 – American terrorist, Adam Yahiye Gadahn dies

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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