Lanterns: This Day in History - December 6


This Day in History - December 6

December 6

1240 – Batu Khan’s Mongols occupy and destroy Kiev

1421 – The youngest person to accede to the throne, Henry VI of England, is born

1492 – Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Santo Domingo

1749 – French-Canadian explorer, La Verendrye dies

1861 – Union General George G. Meade leads a foraging expedition to Gunnell’s farm near Dranesville, Virginia

1862 – President Abraham Lincoln orders 39 of the 303 convicted Indians who participated in the Sioux Uprising in Minnesota to be hanged

1863 – The monitor Weehawken sinks in the Charleston Harbor

1865 – Slavery is abolished with the ratification of the 13th Amendment

1868 – Reno brothers Frank, William, and Simon were hanged by vigilante citizens who were upset about the famous train robbers having shot a guard

1875 – English poet, Evelyn Underhill is born

1876 – Jack McCall is convicted for the murder of Wild Bill Hickock and is sentenced to a hanging death

1877 – Thomas Edison makes his first sound recording into his phonograph machine, reciting “Mary had a Little Lamb”

1882 – Swiss businessman and politician, Alfred Escher dies

1884 – Construction on the Washington Monument is completed

1886 – American poet, Joyce Kilmer is born

1889 – The first and only president of the Confederate States of America, Jefferson Davis, dies

1896 – American lyricist and musical collaborator, Ira Gershwin is born

1898 – Photojournalist Alfred Eisenstaedt is born

1898 – Swedish sociologist and economist, Gunnar Myrdal is born

1901 – Nature photographer, Eliot Porter is born

1906 – Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge flies a powered, man-carrying kite 168 feet in the air for seven minutes in Nova Scotia

1907 – The worst mining disaster in American takes place when Fairmont Coal Company’s network of mines in West Virginia suffers an explosion that kills 361 miners

1917 – The Bolsheviks imprison Czar Nicholas II and his family

1917 – The Finnish Parliament declares independence

1917 – A Belgian steamer and French freighter, both loaded with ammunition intended for use in World War I, explode in Canada’s Halifax Harbor after colliding with one another. The explosion blinded 200 people, leveled a good piece of the town, destroyed more than 1,600 homes killed almost 1,800 and injured near 9,000 more. The Great Halifax Explosion is known to be the most devastating manmade explosion in the pre-atomic age

1920 – Jazz pianist and composer, Dave Brubeck is born

1921 – Ireland’s 26 southern counties become independent from Britain, forming the Irish Free State

1922 – Benito Mussolini threatens Italian newspapers with censorship

1923 – President Calvin Coolidge speaks before Congress, and the address is broadcast on the radio for the first time

1926 – French impressionist painter Claude Monet dies

1933 – A federal judge ruled that James Joyce’s Ulysses is not obscene

1934 – American Ambassador Davis says Japan is a security threat in the Pacific

1938 – France and Germany sign a friendship treaty

1939 – Britain agrees to send arms to Finland to aid in their battle against a Soviet invasion

1941 – President Franklin Roosevelt issues a personal appeal to Emperor Hirohito to use his influence to avoid war, thinking that the Japanese fleet was headed for Thailand. The Japanese go on to reject his pleas, and America soon learns Thailand was not the intended target, and Pearl Harbor is attacked instead

1941 – American serial killer, Richard Speck, who systematically tortured, raped, and murdered eight student nurses from South Chicago Community Hospital in July of 1966, is born

1942 – Playwright and poet, Peter Handke is born

1945 – The US offers a $3 billion loan to Great Britain to help compensate for the termination of the Lend-Lease agreement

1947 – Florida’s Everglades National Park is established

1948 – The “Pumpkin Spy Papers” are found on the Maryland farm of Whittaker Chambers and become evidence that the State Department employee Alger Hiss is spying for the Soviet Union

1948 – Actress, director, president of the Screen Actors Guild Foundation, JoBeth Williams is born

1952 – Criminal referred to as the “most violent prisoner in Britain,” Charles Bronson is born

1952 – Founder of Craigslist, Craig Newmark is born

1956 – Indian politician, B.R. Ambedkar dies

1957 – Vanguard TV3 explodes on the Launchpad

1961 – US Joint Chiefs of Staff authorize Operation Farm Gate, where US Air Force pilots are permitted to engage in combat missions against the Viet Cong as long as at least one Vietnamese national was carried on board the strike aircraft for training purposes

1967 – Adrian Kantrowitz performs the first human heart transplant in the US and the world’s first pediatric heart transplant

1967 – Film producer, director, and screenwriter, Judd Apatow is born

1969 – The motorcycle gang Hells Angels, hired to provide security at a Rolling Stones concert at the Altamont Speedway in California for $500 worth of beer, stabbed and beat to death a concert-goer, Meredith Hunter, who had pulled a gun during the Stone’s performance. The Altamont Speedway Free Festival witnessed three accidental deaths as well, and four live births, and Monty Balin of Jefferson Airplane being knocked unconscious by one of the Hells Angels. The irony of the Hunter tragedy was that it happened a mere 20 feet from where Mick Jagger was performing “Under My Thumb,” and the entire incident was caught on film. Alan Passaro, the man charged in Meredith’s death, was acquitted on the grounds of self-defense

1971 – Pakistan severs diplomatic relations with India for New Delhi recognizing the state of Bangladesh

1972 – The secret Paris talks continue, as negotiators try to resolve the conflict in Vietnam, while fighting intensifies in South Vietnam

1973 – US House of Representatives confirm Gerald Ford as Vice President

1975 – A Provisional IRA unit takes a couple hostage in Balcombe Street , London, beginning a 6-day siege

1976 – Deaf, professional stuntwoman, Kitty O’Neil, sets the land speed record for female drivers at the Alvord Desert in Oregon at over 512 mph

1977 – South Africa grants independence to Bophuthatswana

1976 – Democrat Tip O’Neill is elected speaker of the House of Representatives and will go on to serve the longest consecutive term as speaker

1982 – Spanish cyclist, Alberto Contador is born

1987 – 200,000 protestors show up in Washington, D.C., on the eve of a weapons summit between President Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, to demonstrate against the Soviet Union’s treatment of Jews

1988 – American singer and songwriter, Roy Orbison dies

1990 – Malaysian politician and first Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tunku Abdul Rahman dies

1992 – The Babri Mosque in Ayodhya, India, is destroyed during a riot that started off as a political protest by Hindu extremists

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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