Lanterns: This Day in History - December 30


This Day in History - December 30

December 30

1460 – The Duke of York is killed by forces under Henry VI, at the Battle of Wakefield during the Wars of the Roses

1703 – Nearly 37,000 die in an earthquake in Tokyo

1803 – The US takes over possession of Louisiana from France

1803 – Signer of the Declaration of Independence, Francis Lewis, dies

1816 – Percy Bysshe Shelley and Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin wed. The couple spent the majority of their life fleeing creditors. Their good friend, Lord Byron, and Mary, challenged each other to write a good ghost story. Only Mary Shelley finished, and it would be known as Frankenstein

1852 – Future President, Rutherford Hayes marries Lucy Webb in Ohio

1853 – The US minister to Mexico, James Gadsden and General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, the president of Mexico, sign the Gadsden Purchase in Mexico City, establishing the final boundaries of the southern US and purchasing 30,000 square miles in what is now part of New Mexico and Arizona

1853 – French composer, Andre Messager is born

1861 – Banks in the US suspend the practice of redeeming paper money for metal currency

1862 – The draft of the Emancipation Proclamation is completed and given to President Abraham Lincoln’s cabinet

1862 – The USS Monitor, a ship involved in one of the most famous naval battles of all-time at Hampton Roads, Virginia when it battled the CSS Virginia, sinks due to a storm off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, killing 16 members of the crew

1865 – British Nobel Prize-winning author and poet, Rudyard Kipling is born

1867 – Philanthropist and US Senator from Colorado, Simon Guggenheim is born

1884 – Japanese Prime Minister during World War II, Tojo Hideki is born

1896 – Filipino polymath, Jose Rizal dies

1903 – Over 600 people are killed in the deadliest theater fire in US History, at the Iroquois Theater in Chicago, Illinois

1905 – Governor Frank Steunenberg of Idaho is assassinated by bomb

1906 – The All India Muslim League is founded in Dacca, East Bengal, British India Empire, which later lays the foundation of Pakistan

1916 – (Note: Some records reflect December 29 as the date) Grigory Rasputin, a man known to be a Russian holy man, is murdered by Russian nobles who wanted to put a stop to his influence over the royal family

1922 – Soviet Russia is renamed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)

1924 – Astronomer Edwin Hubble formally announces existence of other galactic systems at a meeting of the American Astronomical Society

1928 – Blues composer and singer, Bo Diddley is born

1932 – The Soviet Union bars food handouts for housewives under 36-years old, forcing them to work to eat

1935 – Hall of Fame pitcher Sandy Koufax is born

1936 – One of the first sit-down strikes in the US takes place when autoworkers take over the General Motors Fisher Body Plant Number One in Flint, Michigan, in an effort to win recognition of the United Auto Workers as the only agent for GM’s workers, force GM to stop sending work to non-union plants, establish a fair minimum wage scale and a grievance system that would protect assembly-line workers from injury

1940 – Director and co-creator of Cheers, James Burrows is born

1940 – California’s first freeway opened, the Arroyo Seco Parkway

1946 – American singer, songwriter, and poet, Patti Smith is born

1947 – Romania’s King Michael is forced to abdicate by Soviet-backed Communists

1947 – English mathematician and philosopher, Alfred North Whitehead dies

1950 – Secretary of State Dean Acheson announces the US will increase efforts to contain communist aggression and asks for support from the American people

1950 – Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos become independent states within the French Union

1965 – Ferdinand Marcos is sworn in as the Philippine Republic’s sixth president

1968 – The first live performance of Led Zeppelin every captured on tape takes place when the band opens for The Vanilla Fudge in Washington State. The advertisement for the concert ran in the local paper as “The Vanilla Fudge, with Len Zefflin.”

1970 – The US Navy turns over 125 US vessels to the South Vietnamese Navy

1970 – American boxer, Sonny Liston dies

1972 – President Richard Nixon halts the air offensive against North Vietnam to resume peace negotiations with Hanoi representative Le Duc Tho

1975 – American golfer, Tiger Woods is born

1976 – Governor Carey of New York pardons seven inmates, stopping the Attica uprising

1978 – Ohio State University fires coach Woody Hayes after he punched Clemson linebacker Charlie Bauman in the throat at the Gator Bowl

1984 – American basketball great, LeBron James is born

1993 – The Vatican and Israel sign an agreement of mutual recognition known as the Fundamental Accord, to put an end to Jewish-Christian hostilities

1994 – John Salvi III kills two and wounds five others when he opened fire in two separate abortion clinics in Brookline, Massachusetts, in protest against abortion. He was sentenced to two life sentences and committed suicide in prison

1995 – The lowest temperature ever recorded in the UK, -27.2 degrees Celsius or -16.96 degrees Fahrenheit is noted in Altnaharra in northern Scotland

2004 – The highest barometric pressure ever recorded, 846.5 hPa, is noted at Tosontsengel, Mongolia

2006 – Former Iraq dictator, Saddam Hussein is hanged for crimes committed against his own people

2009 – Indonesian politician and 4th President of Indonesia, Abdurrahman Wahid dies

2011 – This date is skipped when the South Pacific Ocean Islands changes their time zone and move west of the international dateline to align with their trading partners, Australia and New Zealand

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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